How to Create a Flat Top Roof

by GRAPHISOFT and lnagy · updated: 07.22.2011

This article describes how to create sloping structures in ArchiCAD, e.g. what you would find in flat top roofs. The Slab Tool can not have a slope. So here is how you do it:

Consider the following flat roof:

SlopingSlab-01.png

Its Section looks like this:

SlopingSlab-02.png

Sloping “slab”

The simplest case is when the Slab is a sloping structure with the same thickness at all points. It is easiest to create such as structure using the Roof Tool. With it you can create even composite structures.

SlopingSlab-03.png

Sloping top, flat bottom

If your Slab is a single structure (not composite) and its bottom is flat, its top is sloping, then the best Tool for the job is the Mesh Tool as its top surface can be freely formed.

SlopingSlab-04.png

In such case a Mesh is used to create the Structure of the Flat Roof, the top level of which is sloped. Then Roof elements can be used to create the additional sloping skins of the Flat Roof.

SlopingSlab-05.png

Note: Such a structure can also be created by placing a Slab with enough thickness so that it intersects the Roof at all points. Then do a Solid Element Operation with the Roof being the Operator, the Slab being the Target and using the Subtraction with upwards Extrusion method to cut the Slab with the Roof.

SlopingSlab-06.png

Multi-layered structure

If it has a usual Flat Roof type structure, meaning that e.g. there is a slanting concrete layer in it, then you can create it out of two structures: you can create all layers from bottom to the concrete layer using a composite Slab element. Then you can use a Roof to model all the sloping layers that are above the concrete layer. Then you can use Solid Element Operation to subtract the top of the Slab that is cut by the Roof so the sloping effect is achieved in the concrete layer.

The thickness of the concrete layer has to be large enough so the Roof can cut into the Slab at every point of the Slab. This condition needs to be checked where the concrete layer is thickest and thinnest in the whole Flat Roof structure.

SlopingSlab-07.png

It may be possible that you want to model your structure with a separate structural Slab by reason of communication with the structural engineer. In this case the skin(s) above the structure (including the sloping skin) will be modeled using a Mesh or a composite Slab depending on whether it is one or more skins.

SlopingSlab-08.png

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